Publications

Publications using CLASSIC

  1. Meyer, G., Humphreys, E. R., Melton, J. R., Cannon, A. J., and Lafleur, P. M.: Simulating shrubs and their energy and carbon dioxide fluxes in Canada’s Low Arctic with the Canadian Land Surface Scheme Including biogeochemical Cycles (CLASSIC), Biogeosciences Discuss. [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-2020-458, in review, 2020.

  2. Seiler, C., Melton, J. R., Arora, V. K., and Wang, L.: CLASSIC v1.0: the open-source community successor to the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) and the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) – Part 2: Global Benchmarking, Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-2020-294, in review, 2020.

  3. Asaadi, A. and Arora, V. K.: Implementation of nitrogen cycle in the CLASSIC land model, Biogeosciences, https://bg.copernicus.org/articles/18/669/2021/, 18(2), 669–706, 2021.

  4. Melton, J. R., Arora, V. K., Wisernig-Cojoc, E., Seiler, C., Fortier, M., Chan, E., and Teckentrup, L.: CLASSIC v1.0: the open-source community successor to the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) and the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) – Part 1: Model framework and site-level performance, Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 2825–2850, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-13-2825-2020, 2020.

Publications using CLASSIC’s predecessors CLASS and CTEM

  1. Melton, J. R., Verseghy, D. L., Sospedra-Alfonso, R., and Gruber, S.: Improving permafrost physics in the coupled Canadian Land Surface Scheme (v.3.6.2) and Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (v.2.1) (CLASS-CTEM), Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 4443–4467, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-12-4443-2019, 2019.

  2. Forkel, M., Andela, N., Harrison, S. P., Lasslop, G., van Marle, M., Chuvieco, E., Dorigo, W., Forrest, M., Hantson, S., Heil, A., Li, F., Melton, J., Sitch, S., Yue, C., and Arneth, A.: Emergent relationships with respect to burned area in global satellite observations and fire-enabled vegetation models, Biogeosciences, 16, 57-76, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-57-2019, 2019.

  3. Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Hauck, J., Pongratz, J., Pickers, P. A., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Canadell, J. G., Arneth, A., Arora, V. K., Barbero, L., Bastos, A., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Doney, S. C., Gkritzalis, T., Goll, D. S., Harris, I., Haverd, V., Hoffman, F. M., Hoppema, M., Houghton, R. A., Hurtt, G., Ilyina, T., Jain, A. K., Johannessen, T., Jones, C. D., Kato, E., Keeling, R. F., Goldewijk, K. K., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lienert, S., Liu, Z., Lombardozzi, D., Metzl, N., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S.-I., Neill, C., Olsen, A., Ono, T., Patra, P., Peregon, A., Peters, W., Peylin, P., Pfeil, B., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Resplandy, L., Robertson, E., Rocher, M., Rödenbeck, C., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Steinhoff, T., Sutton, A., Tans, P. P., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., Tubiello, F. N., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., Viovy, N., Walker, A. P., Wiltshire, A. J., Wright, R., Zaehle, S., and Zheng, B.: Global Carbon Budget 2018, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 2141-2194, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-2141-2018, 2018.

  4. Asaadi, A., Arora, V. K., Melton, J. R., and Bartlett, P.: An improved parameterization of leaf area index (LAI) seasonality in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) and Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) modelling framework, Biogeosciences, 15, 6885-6907, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-6885-2018, 2018.

  5. Arora, V. K., Melton, J. R., and Plummer, D.: An assessment of natural methane fluxes simulated by the CLASS-CTEM model, Biogeosciences, 15, 4683-4709, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-4683-2018, 2018.

  6. Arora, V.K., Melton, J. R.: Reduction in global area burned and wildfire emissions since 1930s enhances carbon uptake by land, Nature Comm., 9, Article number: 1326, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-03838-0, 2018.

  7. L. Li, Y. Wang, V. K. Arora, D. Eamus, H. Shi, J. Li, L. Cheng, J. Cleverly, T. Hajimah, D. Ji, C. Jones, M. Kawamiya, W. Li, J. Tjiputra, A. Wiltshire, L. Zhang, and Q. Yu: Evaluating Global Land Surface Models in CMIP5: Analysis of Ecosystem Water- and Light-Use Efficiencies and Rainfall Partitioning, J. Clim., 31, 2995-3008, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0177.1, 2018.

  8. K. B. Tokarska, N. P. Gillett, V. K. Arora, W. G. Lee, K. Zickfeld, The influence of non-CO2 forcings on cumulative carbon emissions budgets, Environ. Res. Lett., 13, 034039, 2018.

  9. Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Pongratz, J., Manning, A. C., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Canadell, J. G., Jackson, R. B., Boden, T. A., Tans, P. P., Andrews, O. D., Arora, V. K., Bakker, D. C. E., Barbero, L., Becker, M., Betts, R. A., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Cosca, C. E., Cross, J., Currie, K., Gasser, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Houghton, R. A., Hunt, C. W., Hurtt, G., Ilyina, T., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Kautz, M., Keeling, R. F., Klein Goldewijk, K., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lima, I., Lombardozzi, D., Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P. M. S., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S.-I., Nojiri, Y., Padin, X. A., Peregon, A., Pfeil, B., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rehder, G., Reimer, J., Rödenbeck, C., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B. D., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., Tubiello, F. N., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., van Heuven, S., Viovy, N., Vuichard, N., Walker, A. P., Watson, A. J., Wiltshire, A. J., Zaehle, S., and Zhu, D.: Global Carbon Budget 2017, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 405-448, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-405-2018, 2018.

  10. Teufel, B., Sushama, L., Arora, V.K., Verseghy, D.: Impact of dynamic vegetation phenology on the simulated pan-Arctic land surface state, Climate Dynamics, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4142-2, 2018

  11. Badawy, B., Polavarapu, S., Jones, D. B. A., Deng, F., Neish, M., Melton, J. R., Nassar, R., and Arora, V. K.: Coupling the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM v. 2.0) to Environment and Climate Change Canada’s greenhouse gas forecast model (v.107-glb), Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 631-663, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-11-631-2018, 2018.

  12. Teufel, Bernardo & Sushama, Laxmi & K. Arora, Vivek & Verseghy, Diana. (2018). Impact of dynamic vegetation phenology on the simulated pan-Arctic land surface state. Climate Dynamics. 52. 10.1007/s00382-018-4142-2.

  13. Poulter, B., Bousquet, P., Canadell, J., Ciais, P., Peregon, A., Saunois, M., Arora, V. K., Beerling, D., Brovkin, V., Jones, C., Joos, F., Gedney, N., Ito, A., Kleinen, T., Koven, C., MacDonald, K., Melton, J., Peng, C., Peng, S., Schroder, R., Prigent, C., Riley, B., Saito, M., Spahni, R., Tian, H., Taylor, L., Viovy, N., Wilton, D., Wiltshire, A., Xu, X., and Zhang, Z.: Global wetland contribution to 2000–2012 atmospheric methane growth rate dynamics, Environ. Res. Lett., 12, 094013, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa8391, 2017.

  14. Bastos, A., Friedlingstein, P., Sitch, S., Chen, C., Mialon, A., Wigneron, J.-P., Arora, V. K., Briggs, P. R., Canadell, J. G., Ciais, P., Chevallier, F., Cheng, L., Delire, C., Haverd, V., Jain, A. K., Joos, F., Kato, E., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., J. R. Melton, Myneni, R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Pongratz, J., Poulter, B., Rödenbeck, C., Séférian, R., Tian, H., van Eck, C., Viovy, N., Vuichard, N., Walker, A. P., Wiltshire, A., Yang, J., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N. and Zhu, D. 2018: Impact of the 2015/2016 El Niño on the terrestrial carbon cycle constrained by bottom-up and top-down approaches, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci., 373(1760), doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0304.[Link]

  15. Saunois, M., Bousquet, P., Poulter, B., Peregon, A., Ciais, P., Canadell, J. G., Dlugokencky, E. J., Etiope, G., Bastviken, D., Houweling, S., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Tubiello, F. N., Castaldi, S., Jackson, R. B., Alexe, M., Arora, V. K., Beerling, D. J., Bergamaschi, P., Blake, D. R., Brailsford, G., Bruhwiler, L., Crevoisier, C., Crill, P., Covey, K., Frankenberg, C., Gedney, N., Höglund-Isaksson, L., Ishizawa, M., Ito, A., Joos, F., Kim, H.-S., Kleinen, T., Krummel, P., Lamarque, J.-F., Langenfelds, R., Locatelli, R., Machida, T., Maksyutov, S., Melton, J. R., Morino, I., Naik, V., O’Doherty, S., Parmentier, F.-J. W., Patra, P. K., Peng, C., Peng, S., Peters, G. P., Pison, I., Prinn, R., Ramonet, M., Riley, W. J., Saito, M., Santini, M., Schroeder, R., Simpson, I. J., Spahni, R., Takizawa, A., Thornton, B. F., Tian, H., Tohjima, Y., Viovy, N., Voulgarakis, A., Weiss, R., Wilton, D. J., Wiltshire, A., Worthy, D., Wunch, D., Xu, X., Yoshida, Y., Zhang, B., Zhang, Z., and Zhu, Q.: Variability and quasi-decadal changes in the methane budget over the period 2000–2012, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 11135-11161, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-17-11135-2017, 2017.

  16. Andela, N., D. C. Morton, L. Giglio, Y. Chen, G. R. van der Werf, P. S. Kasibhatla, R. S. DeFries, G. J. Collatz, S. Hantson, S. Kloster, D. Bachelet, M. Forrest, G. Lasslop, F. Li, S. Mangeon, J .R. Melton, C. Yue, J. T. Randerson. 2017. A human-driven decline in global burned area. Science, 356(6345), 1356-1362, doi: 10.1126/science.aal4108 [Link]

  17. Shrestha, R. K., Arora, V. K., Melton, J. R., and Sushama, L. (2017) An assessment of geographical distribution of different plant functional types over North America simulated using the CLASS-CTEM modelling framework, Biogeosciences Discuss., doi:10.5194/bg-2017-35, accepted.

  18. Melton, J. R., Sospedra-Alfonso, R., and McCusker, K. E. 2017. Tiling soil textures for terrestrial ecosystem modelling via clustering analysis: a case study with CLASS-CTEM (version 2.1), Geosci. Model Dev., doi:10.5194/gmd-2017-3 [Link]

  19. Manuela, Grippa & Kergoat, Laurent & Boone, Aaron & Peugeot, Christophe & Demarty, J & Cappelaere, Bernard & Gal, Laetitia & Hiernaux, Pierre & Mougin, Eric & Ducharne, Agnès & Dutra, Emanuel & Anderson, Martha & Hain, Christopher. (2017). Modelling surface runoff and water fluxes over contrasted soils in pastoral Sahel: evaluation of the ALMIP2 land surface models over the Gourma region in Mali. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 18. 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0170.1.

  20. Fyfe, J. C., C. Derksen, L. Mudryk, G. M. Flato, B. D. Santer, N. C. Swart, N. P. Molotch, X. Zhang, H. Wan, V. K. Arora, J. Scinocca and Y. Jiao (2017) Large near-term projected snowpack loss over the western United States, Nature Communications, doi:10.1038/ncomms14996.

  21. Rabin, S. S., Melton, J. R., Lasslop, G., Bachelet, D., Forrest, M., Hantson, S., Kaplan, J. O., Li, F., Mangeon, S., Ward, D. S., Yue, C., Arora, V. K., Hickler, T., Kloster, S., Knorr, W., Nieradzik, L., Spessa, A., Folberth, G. A., Sheehan, T., Voulgarakis, A., Kelley, D. I., Prentice, I. C., Sitch, S., Harrison, S., and Arneth, A. (2017) The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1: experimental and analytical protocols with detailed model descriptions, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 1175-1197, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-1175-2017. 2016

  22. Verseghy, Diana & Brown, Ross & Wang, Libo. (2017). Evaluation of CLASS snow simulation over Eastern Canada. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 18. 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0153.1.

  23. Getirana, Augusto & Boone, Aaron & Peugeot, Christophe & Boussetta, Souhail & Ait-Mesbah, S & Anderson, M & Balsamo, Gianpaolo & Chan, E & Cohard, Jean-Martial & Ducharne, Agnès & Dutra, Emanuel & Favot, F & Getirana, A & Galle, Sylvie & Gascon, T & Gosset, M & Gusev, Yeugeniy & Hain, Christopher & Harris, P & Vischel, Théo. (2017). Streamflows over a West African basin from the ALMIP-2 model ensemble. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 10.1175/JHM-D-16-0233.1.

  24. Saunois, M., Bousquet, P., Poulter, B., Peregon, A., Ciais, P., Canadell, J. G., Dlugokencky, E. J., Etiope, G., Bastviken, D., Houweling, S., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Tubiello, F. N., Castaldi, S., Jackson, R. B., Alexe, M., Arora, V. K., Beerling, D. J., Bergamaschi, P., Blake, D. R., Brailsford, G., Brovkin, V., Bruhwiler, L., Crevoisier, C., Crill, P., Covey, K., Curry, C., Frankenberg, C., Gedney, N., Höglund-Isaksson, L., Ishizawa, M., Ito, A., Joos, F., Kim, H.-S., Kleinen, T., Krummel, P., Lamarque, J.-F., Langenfelds, R., Locatelli, R., Machida, T., Maksyutov, S., McDonald, K. C., Marshall, J., Melton, J. R., Morino, I., Naik, V., O’Doherty, S., Parmentier, F.-J. W., Patra, P. K., Peng, C., Peng, S., Peters, G. P., Pison, I., Prigent, C., Prinn, R., Ramonet, M., Riley, W. J., Saito, M., Santini, M., Schroeder, R., Simpson, I. J., Spahni, R., Steele, P., Takizawa, A., Thornton, B. F., Tian, H., Tohjima, Y., Viovy, N., Voulgarakis, A., van Weele, M., van der Werf, G. R., Weiss, R., Wiedinmyer, C., Wilton, D. J., Wiltshire, A., Worthy, D., Wunch, D., Xu, X., Yoshida, Y., Zhang, B., Zhang, Z., and Zhu, Q. (2016) The global methane budget 2000–2012, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 697-751, doi:10.5194/essd-8-697-2016. [Link]

  25. Le Quéré, C., Andrew, R. M., Canadell, J. G., Sitch, S., Korsbakken, J. I., Peters, G. P., Manning, A. C., Boden, T. A., Tans, P. P., Houghton, R. A., Keeling, R. F., Alin, S., Andrews, O. D., Anthoni, P., Barbero, L., Bopp, L., Chevallier, F., Chini, L. P., Ciais, P., Currie, K., Delire, C., Doney, S. C., Friedlingstein, P., Gkritzalis, T., Harris, I., Hauck, J., Haverd, V., Hoppema, M., Klein Goldewijk, K., Jain, A. K., Kato, E., Körtzinger, A., Landschützer, P., Lefèvre, N., Lenton, A., Lienert, S., Lombardozzi, D., J. R. Melton, Metzl, N., Millero, F., Monteiro, P. M. S., Munro, D. R., Nabel, J. E. M. S., Nakaoka, S.-I., O’Brien, K., Olsen, A., Omar, A. M., Ono, T., Pierrot, D., Poulter, B., Rödenbeck, C., Salisbury, J., Schuster, U., Schwinger, J., Séférian, R., Skjelvan, I., Stocker, B. D., Sutton, A. J., Takahashi, T., Tian, H., Tilbrook, B., van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T., van der Werf, G. R., Viovy, N., Walker, A. P., Wiltshire, A. J., and Zaehle, S.: Global Carbon Budget 2016, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 605-649, doi:10.5194/essd-8-605-2016. [Link]

  26. Wu, Yuanqiao & L. Verseghy, Diana & R. Melton, Joe. (2016). Integrating peatlands into the coupled Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) v3.6 and the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) v2.0. Geoscientific Model Development. 9. 2639-2663. 10.5194/gmd-9-2639-2016. [Link]

  27. Wang, Libo & Cole, Jason & Bartlett, Paul & Verseghy, Diana & Derksen, Chris & Brown, Ross & von Salzen, Knut. (2016). Investigating the spread in surface albedo for snow covered forests in CMIP5 models. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 121. 10.1002/2015JD023824.

  28. Jones, C. D., Arora, V., Friedlingstein, P., Bopp, L., Brovkin, V., Dunne, J., Graven, H., Hoffman, F., Ilyina, T., John, J. G., Jung, M., Kawamiya, M., Koven, C., Pongratz, J., Raddatz, T., Randerson, J., and Zaehle, S. (2016) The C4MIP experimental protocol for CMIP6, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2853-2880, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2853-2016

  29. Arora, V. K. and Scinocca, J. F.: (2016) Constraining the strength of the terrestrial CO2 fertilization effect in the Canadian Earth system model version 4.2 (CanESM4.2), Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2357-2376, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2357-2016.

  30. Tokarska, K. B., N. P. Gillett, A. J. Weaver, and V. K. Arora (2016) The climate response to five trillion tonnes of carbon, Nature Climate Change, 6, 851–855.

  31. Badawy, B., V. K. Arora, J. R. Melton, and R. Nassar (2016), Modeling the diurnal variability of respiratory fluxes in the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM), J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 08, 614–633, doi:10.1002/2015MS000540.[Link]

  32. Shrestha, R. K., V. K. Arora, and J. R. Melton (2016), The sensitivity of simulated competition between different plant functional types to subgrid-scale representation of vegetation in a land surface model, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 121, doi:10.1002/2015JG003234. [PDF]

  33. Arora, V. K., Y. Peng, W. A. Kurz, J. C. Fyfe, B. Hawkins, and A. T. Werner (2016), Potential near-future carbon uptake overcomes losses from a large insect outbreak in British Columbia, Canada, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2015GL067532.

  34. Melton, J. R., and Arora,V. K. (2016) Competition between plant functional types in the Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) v. 2.0, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 323-361, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-323-2016.

  35. Gauss, M., V. K. Arora, C. D. Koven, D. J. K. Olivié, O. A. Søvde, L. Höglund-Isaksson, T. R. Christensen, F.-J. Parmentier, and D. A. Plummer (2015) Chapter 8: Modeling the climate response to methane, in AMAP Assessment 2015: Methane as an Arctic climate forcer. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, viii+ 139pp.

  36. Kuperberg, J. M., M. Shepherd, V. K. Arora, L. Bruhwiler, E. Bush, T. R. Christensen, L. Höglund-Isaksson, M. Gauss, F.-J. Parmentier, D. A. Plummer, and C. Taylor (2015) Chapter 9: Conclusions and recommendations, in AMAP Assessment 2015: Methane as an Arctic climate forcer. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, viii+ 139pp.

  37. C. Garnaud, L Sushama and D. Verseghy (2015), Impact of interactive vegetation phenology on the Canadian RCM simulated climate over North America, Clim. Dyn., DOI 10.1007/s00382-014-2397-9

  38. Bartlett, Paul & L. Verseghy, Diana. (2015). Modified treatment of intercepted snow improves the simulated forest albedo in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme. Hydrological Processes. 29. 10.1002/hyp.10431.

  39. Ganji, Arman & Sushama, Laxmi & Verseghy, Diana & Harvey, Richard. (2015). On improving cold region hydrological processes in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 10.1007/s00704-015-1618-4.

  40. Harvey, Richard & L. Verseghy, Diana. (2015). The Reliability of Single Precision Computations in the Simulation of Deep Soil Heat Diffusion in a Land Surface Model. Climate Dynamics. 10.1007/s00382-015-2809-5.

  41. Koven, C. D., Chambers, J. Q., Georgiou, K., Knox, R., Negron-Juarez, R., Riley, W. J., Arora, V. K., Brovkin, V., Friedlingstein, P., and Jones, C. D. (2015) Controls on terrestrial carbon feedbacks by productivity versus turnover in the CMIP5 Earth System Models, Biogeosciences, 12, 5211-5228, doi:10.5194/bg-12-5211-2015.

  42. Melton, J.R. Shrestha, R. K., and Arora, V. K. (2015) The influence of soils on heterotrophic respiration exerts a strong control on net ecosystem productivity in seasonally dry Amazonian forests, Biogeosciences, 12(4), 1151-1168, doi:10.5194/bg-12-1151-2015.[PDF]

  43. Boysen, L. R., Brovkin, V., Arora, V. K., Cadule, P., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Kato, E., Pongratz, J., and Gayler, V. (2014) Global and regional effects of land-use change on climate in 21st century simulations with interactive carbon cycle, Earth Syst. Dynam., 5, 309-319, doi:10.5194/esd-5-309-2014.

  44. Todd-Brown, K. E. O., Randerson, J. T., Hopkins, F., Arora, V., Hajima, T., Jones, C., Shevliakova, E., Tjiputra, J., Volodin, E., Wu, T., Zhang, Q., and Allison, S. D. (2014) Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century, Biogeosciences, 11, 2341-2356, doi:10.5194/bg-11-2341-201.

  45. Seiler, C., R. W. A. Hutjes, B. Kruijt, J. Quispe, S. A˜nez, V. K. Arora, J. R. Melton, T. Hickler, and P. Kabat (2014), Modeling forest dynamics along climate gradients in Bolivia, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 119,758–775, doi:10.1002/2013JG002509.

  46. Melton, J. R. and Arora, V. K. (2014) Sub-grid scale representation of vegetation in global land surface schemes: implications for estimation of the terrestrial carbon sink, Biogeosciences, 11, 1021-1036, doi:10.5194/bg-11-1021-2014.[PDF]

  47. Hoffman, F. M., J. T. Randerson, V. K. Arora, Q. Bao, P. Cadule, D. Ji, C. D. Jones, M. Kawamiya, S. Khatiwala, K. Lindsay, A. Obata, E. Shevliakova, K. D. Six, J. F. Tjiputra, E. M. Volodin, and T. Wu (2014) Causes and implications of persistent atmospheric carbon dioxide biases in Earth System Models, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 119,141–162, doi:10.1002/2013JG002381.

  48. Diro, G & Sushama, L & Martynov, Andrey & Jeong, Dae Il & Verseghy, D & Winger, Katja. (2014). Land-atmosphere coupling over North America in the fifth generation of the Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM5). Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 10.1002/2014JD021677.

  49. Arora, V. K. and Boer, G. J. (2014) Terrestrial ecosystems response to future changes in climate and atmospheric CO2 concentration, Biogeosciences, 11, 4157-4171, doi:10.5194/bg-11-4157-2014.

  50. C. Garnaud, L. Sushama, V. K. Arora (2014) The effect of driving climate on the simulate terrestrial carbon pools and fluxes over North America, Intl. J. Climatology, 34, 1098-1110.

  51. Wang, L., MacKay, M., Brown, R., Harvey, R., Bartlett, P., Langlois, A. (2014) Application of satellite data for evaluating the cold climate performance of the Canadian Regional Climate model over Québec, Canada, Journal of Hydrometeorology. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-086.1.

  52. Friedlingstein, P. , M. Meinshausen, V. K. Arora, C. D. Jones, A. Anav, S. K. Liddicoat, and R. Knutti (2014) Uncertainties in CMIP5 Climate Projections due to Carbon Cycle Feedbacks, J. Climate, 27, 511–526.

  53. Peng, Y., Arora, V. K., Kurz, W. A., Hember, R. A., Hawkins, B. J., Fyfe, J. C., and Werner, A. T. (2014) Climate and atmospheric drivers of historical terrestrial carbon uptake in the province of British Columbia, Canada, Biogeosciences, 11, 635-649, doi:10.5194/bg-11-635-2014.

  54. Roy, A., Royer, A., Montpetit, B., Bartlett, P.A., Langlois, A. (2013) Snow specific surface area simulation using the one-layer snow model in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS), The Cryosphere, 7: 961-975, doi:10.5194/tc-7-961-2013.

  55. Fyfe, J.C. K. von Salzen, N. P. Gillett, V. K. Arora, G. M. Flato, and J. R. McConnell (2013) One hundred years of Arctic surface temperature variation due to anthropogenic influence, Scientific Reports 3, 2645, doi:10.1038/srep02645.

  56. Brovkin, V., L. Boysen, V. K. Arora, J. P. Boisier, P. Cadule, L. Chini, M. Claussen, P. Friedlingstein, V. Gayler, B. J. J. M. van den Hurk, G. C. Hurtt, C. D. Jones, E. Kato, N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, F. Pacifico, J. Pongratz, M. Weiss (2013) Effect of anthropogenic land-use and land cover changes on climate and land carbon storage in CMIP5 projections for the 21st century, J. Clim., 26, 6859-6881.

  57. Gillett, N. P., V. K. Arora, D. Matthews, and M. R. Allen (2013) Constraining the ratio of global warming to cumulative CO2 emissions using CMIP5 simulation, J. Clim., 26, 6844-6858.

  58. Jones, C., E. Robertson, V. K. Arora, P. Friedlingstein, E. Shevliakova, L. Bopp, V. Brovkin, T. Hajima, E. Kato, M. Kawamiya, S. Liddicoat, K. Lindsay, C. H. Reick, C. Roelandt, J. Segschneider, and J. Tjiputra (2013). 21stCentury compatible CO2 emissions and airborne fraction simulated by CMIP5 Earth System models under 4 Representative Concentration Pathway, J. Clim., 26, 4398–4413.

  59. Boer, G. J and V. K. Arora, V. K. (2013). Feedbacks in emission-driven and concentration-driven global carbon budgets, J. Clim., 26, 3326–3341.

  60. Arora, V. K., G. J. Boer, P. Friedlingstein, M. Eby, C. D. Jones, J. R. Christian, G. Bonan, L. Bopp, V. Brovkin, P. Cadule, T. Hajima, T. Ilyina, K. Lindsay, J. F. Tjiputra, and T. Wu (2013). Carbon-concentration and carbon-climate feedbacks in CMIP5 Earth system models, J. Clim., 26, 5289–5314.

  61. K.von Salzen, J.F. Scinocca, N.A. McFarlane, J. Li, J.N.S. Cole, D. Plummer, D. Verseghy, M.C. Reader, X. Ma, M. Lazare and L. Solheim,(2012) The Canadian Fourth Generation Atmospheric Global Climate Model (CanAM4). Part I: Representation of physical processes, Atmosphere-Ocean 51, DOI:10.1080/07055900.2012.755610

  62. R. Li and Arora, V. K. 2012. Effect of mosaic representation of vegetation in land surface schemes on simulated energy and carbon balances, Biogeosciences, 9, 593-605.

  63. Gillett, N. P., V. K. Arora, G. M. Flato, J. F. Scinocca, and K. von Salzen 2012. Improved constraints on 21st-century warming derived using 160 years of temperature observations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L01704, doi:10.1029/2011GL050226.

  64. Zickfeld, K., V. K. Arora, and N. P. Gillett, 2012. Is the climate response to CO2 emissions path dependent?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L05703, doi:10.1029/2011GL050205.

  65. Arora, V. K. and A. Montenegro. 2011. Small temperature benefits provided by realistic afforestation efforts, Nature Geoscience. DOI:10.1038/NGEO1182.

  66. Arora, V. K., J. F. Scinocca, G. J. Boer, J. R. Christian, K. L. Denman, G. M. Flato, V. V. Kharin, W. G. Lee, and W. J. Merryfield. 2011. Carbon emission limits required to satisfy future representative concentration pathways of greenhouse gases, Geophys. Res. Lett.. 38, L05805, doi:10.1029/2010GL046270.

  67. Huang, S., M.A. Arain, V.K. Arora, F. Yuan, J. Brodeur, M. Peichl. 2011. Analysis of nitrogen controls on carbon and water exchanges in a conifer forest using the CLASS-CTEMN+ model, Ecological Modelling, 222, 3743-3760.

  68. Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer. (2010) Uncertainties in the 20th century carbon budget associated with land use change, Global Change Biology. 16(12), 3327-3348.

  69. Marsh, P., Bartlett, P., Mackay, M., Pohl, S., Lantz, T. (2010) Snowmelt energetics at a shrub tundra site in the Western Canadian Arctic, Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7786.

  70. Alavi, Nasim & Berg, Aaron & S. Warland, Jon & Parkin, Gary & Verseghy, Diana & Bartlett, Paul. (2010). Evaluating the Impact of Assimilating Soil Moisture Variability Data on Latent Heat Flux Estimation in a Land Surface Model. Canadian Water Resources Journal. 35. 157-172. 10.4296/cwrj3502157.

  71. Christian, J. R., V. K. Arora, G. J. Boer, C. Curry, K. Zahariev, K. Denman, G. Flato, W. Lee, W. Merryfield, N. Roulet, and J. Scinocca. (2010) The global carbon cycle in the CCCma earth system model CanESM1: preindustrial control simulation, J. Geophy. Res. (Biogeosciences). 115, G03014, doi:10.1029/2008JG000920.

  72. Arora, V. K., G. J. Boer, J. R. Christian, C. L. Curry, K. L. Denman, K. Zahariev, G. M. Flato, J. F. Scinocca, W. J. Merryfield, W. G. Lee. (2009) The effect of terrestrial photosynthesis down-regulation on the 20th century carbon budget simulated with the CCCma Earth System Model, J. Clim. 22, 6066-6088.

  73. Boer, G. J., and V. K. Arora. (2009), Temperature and concentration feedbacks in the carbon cycle. Geophys. Res. Lett.. 36, L02704, doi:10.1029/2008GL036220.

  74. Arora, V. K., and H. D. Matthews. (2009), Characterizing uncertainty in modeling primary terrestrial ecosystem processes. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 23, GB2016, 10.1029/2008GB003398.

  75. Mackay, M & Bartlett, Paul & Chan, Ed & Verseghy, Diana & Soulis, Eric & R. Seglenieks, Frank. (2008). The MAGS regional climate modeling system: CRCM-MAGS. 10.1007/978-3-540-73936-4_25.

  76. P. Dornes, J.W. Pomeroy, A. Pietroniro and D. Verseghy,(2008). Effects of Spatial Aggregation of Initial Conditions and Forcing Data on Modeling Snowmelt Using a Land Surface Scheme. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 9. 10.1175/2007JHM958.1.

  77. Ouyang, B., Roulet, N. T., Lafleur, P. M. and Verseghy, D. L.: Modelling the water table in a bog using the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS), Hydrol. Process., 2008.

  78. Pietroniro, A., Fortin, V., Kouwen, N., Neal, C., Turcotte, R., Davison, B., Verseghy, D., Soulis, E. D., Caldwell, R., Evora, N., and Pellerin, P.: Development of the MESH modelling system for hydrological ensemble forecasting of the Laurentian Great Lakes at the regional scale, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1279-1294, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-11-1279-2007, 2007.

  79. L. Sushama, R. Laprise, D. Caya, D. Verseghy and M. Allard. (2007). An RCM projection of soil thermal and moisture regimes for North American permafrost zones. Geophysical Research Letters. 34. 10.1029/2007GL031385.

  80. Wang, A., D. Price, and V. Arora. 2006. Estimating changes in global vegetation cover (1850-2100) for use in climate models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 20(3), GB3028, 10.1029/2005GB002514.

  81. R.D. Brown, P.A. Bartlett, M.D. Mackay and D.L. Verseghy. (2006). Evaluation of snow cover in CLASS for SnowMIP. Atmosphere-ocean - ATMOS OCEAN. 44. 223-238. 10.3137/ao.440302.

  82. P.A. Bartlett, M.D. Mackay and D.L. Verseghy. (2006). Modified Snow Algorithms in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme: Model Runs and Sensitivity Analysis at Three Boreal Forest Stands. Atmosphere-ocean - ATMOS OCEAN. 44. 207-222. 10.3137/ao.440301.

  83. MacKay, M.D., Bartlett, P.A. (2006). Estimating canopy snow unloading timescales from observations of albedo and precipitation, Geophysical Research Letters, 33: L19405, doi:1029/2006GL027521.

  84. MacKay, M.D., Bartlett, P.A., Chan, E., Derksen, C., Guo, S., Leighton, H. (2006). On the Problem of Regional Scale Sublimation over Boreal and Agricultural Landscapes, Atmosphere-Ocean, 44: 289-304.

  85. R.D. Koster, Z. Guo, P. Dirmeyer, G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, H. Davies, T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-S. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAveney, K. Mitchell, D. Mocko, T. Oki, K.W. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. Sud, C. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue and T. Yamada. (2006). GLACE: The Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Experiment. Part I: overview. Journal of Hydrometeorology. 7. 10.1175/JHM510.1.

  86. Z. Guo, P. Dirmeyer, R.D. Koster, G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C.T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-S. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAveney, J.L. McGregor, K. Mitchell, D. Mocko, T. Oki, K.W. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. Sud, C. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue and T. Yamada. (2006). GLACE: the global land–atmosphere coupling experiment. Part II: analysis. J. Hydrometeorol.. 7. 10.1175/JHM511.1.

  87. Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer. 2006. “Achieving coexistence. Comment on “Modelling rainforest diversity: The role of competition” by Bampfylde et al. 2005. Ecological Modelling. 192(1-2), 322-324.

  88. Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer. 2006. Simulating competition and coexistence between plant functional types in a dynamic vegetation model. Earth Interactions. Vol. 10, Paper 10, 30 pp.

  89. Arora, V.K. and G. J. Boer. 2006. The temporal variability of soil moisture and surface hydrological quantities in a climate model. J. Clim. 19(22), 5875-5888.

  90. Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer. 2005. Fire as an interactive component of dynamic vegetation models. J. Geophys. Res. - Biogeosciences. 110(G2), G02008, 10.1029/2005JG000042.

  91. Arora, V.K. 2005. Comment on “Optimized stomatal conductance of vegetated land surfaces and its effects on simulated productivity and climate”, by A. Kleidon. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32(8), L08708, 10.1029/2004GL022110.

  92. Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer. 2005. A parameterization of leaf phenology for the terrestrial ecosystem component of climate models. Global Change Biology. 11(1), 39-59.

  93. Grant R.F., Arain A., Arora V., Barr A., Black T.A., Chen J., Wang, S., Yuan F., and Zhang Y. 2005. Intercomparison of techniques to model high temperature effects on CO2 and energy exchange in temperate and boreal coniferous forests. Ecological Modelling. 188(2-4), 217-252.

  94. Z. Kothavala, M.A. Arain, T.A. Black and D. Verseghy. (2005) The simulation of energy, water vapour and carbon dioxide fluxes over common crops by the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS), Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 133, 89-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2005.08.007

  95. Y. Zhang, R.F. Grant, L.B. Flanagan, S. Wang and D.L. Verseghy. (2005). Modelling CO2 and energy exchanges in a northern semiarid grassland using the carbon- and nitrogen-coupled Canadian Land Surface Scheme (C-CLASS). Ecological Modelling. 181. 591-614. 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2004.07.007.

  96. R.D. Koster, P. Dirmeyer, Z. Guo, G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-H. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAveney, K. Mitchell, D. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y. Sud, C. Taylor, D. Verseghy, R. Vasic, Y. Xue and T. Yamada. (2004). Regions of Strong Coupling Between Soil Moisture and Precipitation. Science (New York, N.Y.). 305. 1138-40. 10.1126/science.1100217.

  97. A. Boone, F. Habets, J. Noilhan, D. Clark, P. Dirmeyer, S. Fox, Y. Gusev, I. Haddeland, R. Koster, D. Lohmann, S. Mahanama, K. Mitchell, O. Nasonova, G.-Y. Niu, A. Pitman, J. Polcher, A.B. Shmakin, K. Tanaka, B. van den Hurk, S. Verant, D. Verseghy, P. Viterbo and Z.-L. Yang. (2004). The Rhône-Aggregation Land Surface Scheme Intercomparison Project: An Overview. Journal of Climate. 17. 187-. 10.1175/1520-0442(2004)017<0187:TRLSSI>2.0.CO;2.

  98. S.I. Seneviratne, R.D. Koster, Z. Guo, P.A. Dirmeyer, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-H. Lu, D. Mocko, K.W. Oleson and D.Verseghy. (2004). Soil moisture memory in AGCM simulations: Analysis of Global Land-Atmosphere Coupling Experiment (GLACE) Data. AGU Spring Meeting Abstracts. 05-.

  99. P. Etchevers, E. Martin, R. Brown, C. Fierz, Y. Lejeune, E. Bazile, A. Boone, Y-J. Dai, R. Essery, A. Fernandez, Y. Gusev, R. Jordan, V. Koren, E. Kowalczyk, N.O. Nasonova, R.D. Pyles, A. Schlosser, A.B. Shmakin, T.G. Smirnova, U. Strasser, D. Verseghy, T. Yamazaki and Z.-L. Yang. (2004). Validation of the energy budget of an alpine snowpack simulated by several snow models (SnowMIP project). Annals of Glaciology. 38. 150-158. 10.3189/172756404781814825.

  100. M.D. Mackay, F. Seglenieks, D. Verseghy, E.D. Soulis, K.R. Snelgrove, A. Walker and K. Szeto. (2003). Modeling Mackenzie Basin Surface Water Balance during CAGES with the Canadian Regional Climate Model. Journal of Hydrometeorology - J HYDROMETEOROL. 4. 10.1175/1525-7541(2003)004<0748:MMBSWB>2.0.CO;2.

  101. Arora, V.K. and G.J. Boer. 2003. A representation of variable root distribution in dynamic vegetation models. Earth Interactions. Vol. 7, Paper 6, 19 pp.

  102. Arora, V.K. 2003. Simulating energy and carbon fluxes over winter wheat using coupled land surface and terrestrial ecosystem models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 118(1-2), 21-47.

  103. L.C. Bowling, D.P. Lettenmaier, B. Nijssen, L.P. Graham, D.B. Clark, M. El Maayar, R. Essery, S. Goers, Y.M. Gusev, F. Habets, B. v.d. Hurk, J. Jing, D. Kahan, D. Lohmann, X. Ma, S. Mahanama, D. Mocko, O. Nasonova, G.-Y. Niu, P. Samuelsson, A.B. Shmakin, K. Takata, D. Verseghy, P. Viterbo, Y. Xia, Y.K. Xue, Z.-L.. Yang. (2003). Simulation of high-latitude hydrological processes in the Torne–Kalix basin: PILPS Phase 2(e): 1: Experiment description and summary intercomparisons. Global and Planetary Change. 38. 1-30. 10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00003-1.

  104. B. Nijssen, L.C. Bowling, D.P. Lettenmaier, D.B. Clark, M. El Maayar, R. Essery, S. Goers, Y.M. Gusev, F. Habets, B. v.d. Hurk, J. Jing, D. Kahan, D. Lohmann, X. Ma, S. Mahanama, D. Mocko, O. Nasonova, G.-Y. Niu, P. Samuelsson, A.B. Shmakin, K. Takata, D. Verseghy, P. Viterbo, Y. Xia, Y.K. Xue, Z.-L.. Yang. (2003), Simulation of high latitude hydrological processes in the Torne-Kalix basin, PILPS phase 2(e), 2: Comparison of model results with observations. Global and Planetary Change. 38. 31-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8181(03)00004-3

  105. M.D. Mackay, K.K. Szeto, D.L. Verseghy, E. Chan and N. Bussieres. (2003). Mesoscale Circulations and Surface Energy Balance During Snowmelt in a Regional Climate Model. Nordic Hydrology. 34. 91-106. 10.2166/nh.2003.0030.

  106. P.A. Bartlett, J.H. McCaughey, P.M. Lafleur and D.L. Verseghy. (2003). Modelling evapotranspiration at three boreal forest stands using the CLASS: tests of parameterizations for canopy conductance and soil evaporation. Aspen Bibliography. 23. 10.1002/joc.884.

  107. P.A. Bartlett, J.H. McCaughey, P.M. Lafleur and D.L. Verseghy. (2002). A comparison of the mosaic and aggregated canopy frameworks for representing surface heterogeneity in the Canadian boreal forest using CLASS: A soil perspective. Journal of Hydrology. 266. 15-39. 10.1016/S0022-1694(02)00090-2.

  108. S. Wang, R.F. Grant, D.L. Verseghy and T.A. Black. (2002). Modelling carbon-coupled energy and water dynamics of a boreal aspen forest in a General Circulation Model land surface scheme. International Journal of Climatology. 22. 1249 - 1265. 10.1002/joc.776.

  109. Delage, Y., Bartlett, P.A., McCaughey, J.H. (2002), Study of ‘soft’ night-time surface-layer decoupling over forest canopies in a land-surface model, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 103: 253-276.

  110. S. Wang, R.F. Grant, D.L. Verseghy and T.A. Black. (2002). Modelling Carbon Dynamics of Boreal Forest Ecosystems Using the Canadian Land Surface Scheme. Climatic Change. 55. 451-477. 10.1023/A:1020780211008.

  111. M.A. Arain, T.A. Black A.G. Barr, P.G. Jarvis, J.M. Massheder, D.L. Verseghy and Z. Nesic. (2002), Effect of seasonal and inter-annual climate variability on net ecosystem productivity of boreal deciduous and conifer forests, Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32, 878-891. https://doi.org/10.1139/x01-228

  112. P.A. Bartlett, J.H. McCaughey, P.M. Lafleur and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). Performance of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme at temperate Aspen-Birch and mixed forests, and a boreal young jack pine forest: Tests involving canopy conductance parametrizations. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 113-140. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649642.

  113. A. Wu, A. Black, D.L. Verseghy and W.G. Bailey. (2001). Comparison of two‐layer and single‐layer canopy models with Lagrangian and K‐theory approaches in modelling evaporation from forests. International Journal of Climatology. 21. 1821 - 1839. 10.1002/joc.652.

  114. S. Wang, R.F. Grant, D.L. Verseghy and T.A. Black. (2001). Modelling plant carbon and nitrogen dynamics of a boreal aspen forest in CLASS - The Canadian Land Surface Scheme. Aspen Bibliography. 142. 10.1016/S0304-3800(01)00284-8.

  115. N. Bussieres, D.L. Verseghy and J.I. MacPherson. (2002). The evolution of AVHRR-derived water temperatures over Boreal lakes. Remote Sensing of Environment. 80. 373-384. 10.1016/S0034-4257(01)00317-0.

  116. A.G Slater, C.A. Schlosser, C.E. Desborough, A.J. Pitman, A. Henderson-Sellers, A. Robock, K.Ya. Vinnikov, K. Mitchell, A. Boone, H. Braden, F. Chen, P. Cox, P. DeRosnay, R.E. Dickinson, Y.-J. Dai, Q. Duan, J. Entin, P. Etchevers, N. Gedney, Ye.M. Gusev, F. Habets, J. Kim, V. Koren, E. A. Kowalczyk, O. N. Nasonova, J. Noilhan, J. Schaake, A.B. Shmakin, T.G. Smirnova, D. Verseghy, P. Wetzel, Y. Xue, Z.-L. Yang and Q. Zeng. (2001). The Representation of Snow in Land Surface Schemes: Results from PILPS 2(d). Journal of Hydrometeorology. 2. 7-25. 10.1175/1525-7541(2001)002<0007:TROSIL>2.0.CO;2.

  117. C.A. Schlosser, A. Slater, A. Robock, A.J. Pitman, K.Ya. Vinnikov, A. Henderson-Sellers, N.A. Speranskaya, K. Mitchell, A. Boone, H. Braden, F. Chen, P. Cox, P. DeRosnay, C.E. Desborough, R.E. Dickinson, Y.-J. Dai, Q. Duan, J. Entin, P. Etchevers, N. Gedney, Y.M. Gusev, F. Habets, J. Kim, V. Koren, E. Kowalczyk, O. Nasonova, J. Noilhan, J. Schaake, A. Shmakin, T. Smirnova, D. Verseghy, P. Wetzel, Y. Xue and Z.-L. Yang. (2000). Simulations of a Boreal Grassland Hydrology at Valdai, Russia: PILPS Phase 2(d). Monthly Weather Review. 128. 301-321. 10.1175/1520-0493(2000)128<0301:SOABGH>2.0.CO;2.

  118. D. L. Verseghy. (2000). The Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS): Its history and future. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 1-13. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649637.

  119. A. Wu, T.A. Black, D.L. Verseghy, M.D. Novak and W.G. Bailey. (2000). Testing the α and β methods of estimating evaporation from bare and vegetated surfaces in CLASS. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 15-35. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649638.

  120. D.L. Verseghy, I.R. Saunders, J.D. Bowers, Z. Huo and W.G. Bailey. (2000). Application of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) to the simulation of energy and water fluxes over alpine tundra. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 37-55. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649639.

  121. W.G. Bailey, I.R. Saunders, J.D. Bowers and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). Application of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme to a full canopy crop during a drying cycle. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 57-80. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649640.

  122. A. Wu, T.A. Black, D.L. Verseghy, P.D. Blanken, M.D. Novak, W. Chen and P.C. Yang. (2000). A comparison of parametrizations of canopy conductance of Aspen and Douglas-fir forests for CLASS. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 81-112. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649641.

  123. P.A. Bartlett, J.H. McCaughey, P.M. Lafleur and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). Performance of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme at temperate Aspen-Birch and mixed forests, and a boreal young jack pine forest: Tests involving canopy conductance parametrizations. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 113-140. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649642.

  124. M.G. Letts, N.T. Roulet, N.T. Comer, M.R. Skarupa and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). Parametrization of Peatland Hydraulic Properties for the Canadian Land Surface Scheme. Atmosphere-ocean. 38. 141-160. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649643.

  125. N.T. Comer, P.M. Lafleur, N.T. Roulet, M.G. Letts, M.R. Skarupa and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). A test of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) for a variety of wetland types. Atmosphere-ocean. 38. 161-179. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649644.

  126. L.M. Bellisario, L.D. Boudreau, D.L. Verseghy, W.R. Rouse and P.D. Blanken. (2000). Comparing the performance of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) for two subarctic terrain types. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 181-204. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649645.

  127. P.M. Lafleur, M.R. Skarupa and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). Validation of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) for a subarctic open woodland. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 205-225. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649646.

  128. D.S. Munro, L.M. Bellisario and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). Measuring and modelling the season climatic regime of a temperate wooded wetland. Atmosphere-Ocean. 38. 227-249. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649647.

  129. E.D. Soulis, K.R. Snelgrove, N. Kouwen, F. Seglenieks and D.L. Verseghy. (2000). Towards closing the vertical water balance in Canadian atmospheric models: Coupling of the Land Surface Scheme CLASS with the distributed hydrological model WATFLOOD. Atmosphere-ocean - ATMOS OCEAN. 38. 251-269. 10.1080/07055900.2000.9649648.

  130. P.D. Blanken, W.R. Rouse, A.D. Culf, C. Spence, L.D. Boudreau, J.N. Jasper, B. Kochtubajda, W.M. Schertzer, P. Marsh and D. Verseghy. (2000). Eddy covariance measurements of evaporation from Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada. Water Resources Research - WATER RESOUR RES. 36. 10.1029/1999WR900338.

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